All You Need To Know About Wisdom Teeth


Woman in pain because of wisdom teeth

What are Wisdom Teeth?

Unlike what the name suggests, wisdom teeth (unfortunately) do not give you wisdom. However, when impacted or infected, they can give you a lot of pain. Wisdom teeth are also known as third molar and are found on each of the four corners of our jaws. The namesake is derived from the fact that they generally come out when you’re older, around the ages of 17 to 21.


Why Do Wisdom Teeth Hurt?

The wisdom tooth may hurt because they do not have enough room in the jaw to fully erupt. In some cases, they can be misaligned; possibly positioned horizontally or angled towards or away from the other molars. If left untreated, impacted wisdom teeth can potentially harm adjacent teeth, the jawbone and the nerves.


Problems Caused by Impacted Wisdom Teeth

1. Tooth Decay

Plaque and food particles can gather around the partially erupted wisdom tooth, causing it and/or the adjacent tooth to rot.

2. Gum Pain and Swelling

Improperly erupted wisdom teeth are breeding grounds for bacteria and may cause infection of the overlying gums. This infection can cause pain, bad breath, limited jaw movement and swelling.

3. Crowding of Teeth

Erupting wisdom teeth can push adjacent teeth out of alignment, causing crowding of teeth, also known as Malocclusion.

4. Cysts

Formation of cysts or tumours around an impacted tooth can occur, leading to the destruction of surrounding jawbone and neighbouring teeth. These conditions may require complex and extensive treatment.

As problems can develop silently, regular dental check-ups are advisable.



What Is Wisdom Teeth Removal Surgery?

Wisdom Teeth Removal Surgery is a minor surgical procedure that takes about 30 minutes and usually performed under local anaesthesia. Wisdom teeth removal surgery is a Medisave claimable dental procedure. You can refer to our fees here.

First, the tooth and surrounding area will be numbed by the local anaesthesia. Patients who are afraid of injections or have dental fear can consider painless dental injections. Then, the surgeon will uncover the tooth by lifting the overlying gums aside to expose the tooth and bone. You will not feel pain, but you will feel some pressure and vibration. The tooth may need to be sectioned in order to remove it and you may hear some cracking noises. Finally, the gums are stitched back.


What To Expect During Wisdom Teeth Surgery



Consultation

Our dentist will conduct an examination of the mouth and x-rays to determine the positions of the wisdom teeth, their condition, and the status of the adjacent teeth and bone. 

Quotation & financial counselling to advise fees & treatment options. All options, procedures & risks will be discussed before the procedure.

Consent forms & Medisave authorization forms are to be filled in before surgery.

Decision on how & when to proceed. In certain cases, especially if there is severe infection or pain, the procedure may be done on the same day as the consultation.



Wisdom Tooth Surgery

Before we proceed, we will make sure to explain the post-operation procedures to you. During the surgery, the tooth and surrounding area will be numbed by local anaesthesia. The medication will take about 10 minutes to take effect. You will not feel pain, but you will feel some pressure and vibrations.

Some dissolvable material will be placed to encourage clotting & to prevent prolonged bleeding. The area Is stitched up with resorbable/special dissolvable stitches. These stitches will dissolve in 1-2 months.

The pressure is applied to the operation area with gauze. This will help to further reduce bleeding.



Post-surgery Review Appointment

After surgery, some minor bleeding from the wound can be expected. Painkillers, antibiotics and an antiseptic mouthwash are usually prescribed too. 

An appointment will be made in 2 weeks to assess the healing and to remove the superficial stitches.



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